Glossary

Terms commonly used in the alcohol and other drug field are listed below.

All A B C D E F G H I K
L M O P Q R S T W Z

Basic Skill | Benchmark | Best Practice | Bias | Bottom Up

Basic Skill

A fundamental skill that is the basis of later learning or is essential for employment (Knight and Nestor, 2000). [Knight and Nestor, 2000]

Benchmark

Standard professional labour requirement likely to be required to meet identified objectives (Ridoutt et al, 2002). [Ridoutt et al, 2002]

Best Practice

Best Practice is a comprehensive, integrated and cooperative approach to the continuous improvement of activities (Best Practice, nd). [Best Practices Pty Ltd]

Bias

There are a number of types of biases which may arise in the context of research or randomised controlled trials:

  • selection bias: systematic differences in comparison groups
  • performance bias: systematic differences in delivery of care between experimental and control groups
  • attrition bias: differences in withdrawals from the trial
  • detection bias: systematic differences in outcome assessment
    (Gowing, 2001).

[Gowing, 2001]

Bottom Up

Focuses on an issue from the viewpoint of workers in the field rather than management.
(see also Top Down)


References

Knight, A., Nestor, M. (2000). A glossary of Australian vocational education and training terms. National Centre for Vocational Education Research Ltd, Adelaide.


Ridoutt, L, Gadiel, D., Cook. K., Wise, M. (2002). Planning framework for the Public Health workforce: Discussion Paper. National Public Health Partnership, Melbourne.


Best Practices Pty Ltd. What is Best Practice? [Online]. Available at: http://www.bestpractices.com.au. [accessed November 2002].


Gowing, L. (2001). Evidence-Based Practice: From Concepts to Reality. In A.M. Roche, J. McDonald (Eds) Systems, Settings, People: Workforce Development Challenges in the Alcohol and Other Drugs Field, Adelaide: National Centre for Education and Training on Addiction (NCETA), p77-86. (231KB)