Glossary

Terms commonly used in the alcohol and other drug field are listed below.

All A B C D E F G H I K
L M O P Q R S T W Z

Capacity Building | Clearinghouse | Cochrane Collaboration | Cochrane Reviews | Comorbidity | Competency | Competency | Continuous Improvement | Core Competencies | Cost Effectiveness | Cost Effectiveness | Critical Appraisal | Culture Change | Curriculum

Capacity Building

Capacity building involves:

  • resources to change the delivery system, and building the capacity of that system to maintain programs and to deliver new ones
  • a shift in focus from individuals (exclusively) to organisations and systems
  • thinking in terms of an investment
  • capacity building can be thought of as enhancing the capacity of the system to prolong and multiply health effects
  • workers devoting resources to changing the system, building the capacity of that system to maintain health promotion programs and to develop new ones
  • capacity building is held to be instrumental in multiplying health gains.

Capacity building aims to:

  • distil the theoretical and practical knowledge developed and applied by a research team
  • transmit this information in a manner responsive to the needs and interests of policy makers, managers and workers.

Dimensions of Capacity Building include:

  • health infrastructure or service development
  • program maintenance and sustainability
  • increasing competence and capabilities.
    (Roche, 2001)

[Roche, 2001]

Clearinghouse

A system by which academic literature and other resources are evaluated and assessed for methodological soundness and practical relevance to the field. A clearinghouse may also simply be a means of distributing information.

Cochrane Collaboration

The Cochrane Collaboration has developed in response to the need for systematic, up-to-date reviews of all relevant randomised controlled trials of health care. Funds were provided to establish a Cochrane Centre to collaborate with others in the UK and elsewhere to facilitate systematic reviews of randomised controlled trials across all areas of health care (Cochrane website, 2002).

Cochrane Reviews

Cochrane reviews, the principal output of the Cochrane Collaboration, are systematic reviews of the published scientific literature. They are published electronically in successive issues of The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Preparation and maintenance of Cochrane reviews is the responsibility of international collaborative review groups. At the beginning of 2001, the existing review groups covered all of the important areas of health care. The members of these groups are researchers, health care professionals, consumers, and others who share an interest in generating reliable, up-to-date evidence relevant to the prevention, treatment and rehabilitation of particular health problems or groups of problems (Cochrane Website, 2002).

Comorbidity

Coexisting substance misuse with a psychological disorder such as depression or anxiety (NCETA, 2002).

Competency

The ability to consistently perform work activities to agreed standards over a range of contexts and conditions (Ridoutt et al, 2002; Knight and Nestor, 2000).[Ridoutt et al, 2002] p>

Competency

The ability to consistently perform work activities to agreed standards over a range of contexts and conditions (Ridoutt et al, 2002; Knight and Nestor, 2000).[Knight and Nestor, 2000] p>

Continuous Improvement

A planned process which allows an organisation to systematically review and improve the quality of its products, services and associated processes (Knight and Nestor, 2000). [Knight and Nestor, 2000]

Core Competencies

Core competencies are the specific skills, knowledge and attributes applicable to a job role (Community Services and Health Training Australia, 1999).

Cost Effectiveness

The least costly method of securing an identified objective, such as a health goal (Ridoutt et al, 2002).

Cost effectiveness is determined by how effective the program is and how much it costs. In short, cost effectiveness is achieved when there is a balance between effectiveness and cost, when the effectiveness outweighs the cost (Durbridge et al, 2002). [Ridoutt et al, 2002]

Cost Effectiveness

The least costly method of securing an identified objective, such as a health goal (Ridoutt et al, 2002).

Cost effectiveness is determined by how effective the program is and how much it costs. In short, cost effectiveness is achieved when there is a balance between effectiveness and cost, when the effectiveness outweighs the cost (Durbridge et al, 2002). [Durbridge et al, 2002]

Critical Appraisal

Critical appraisal considers research in terms of:

  • quality (methods used to minimise bias in study design)
  • relevance (outcome measures used and applicability of study results to other treatments, settings and patients)
  • strength (magnitude, precision and reproducibility of results).
    (Gowing, 2001).

[Gowing, 2001]

Culture Change

Culture change involves a shift in the attitudes and thinking of a group that affects how that group responds to individuals or situations.
(see also organisational culture)

Curriculum

The specifications for a course or subject which describes all the learning experiences a student undergoes, generally including objectives, content, intended learning outcomes, teaching methodology, recommended or prescribed assessment tasks, assessment exemplars etc (Knight and Nestor, 2000). [Knight and Nestor, 2000]


References

Roche, A.M. (2001). What is this thing called workforce development? In A.M. Roche, J. McDonald (Eds) Systems, Settings, People: Workforce Development Challenges in the Alcohol and Other Drugs Field, Adelaide: National Centre for Education and Training on Addiction (NCETA), p5-22. ( 314KB)


Ridoutt, L, Gadiel, D., Cook. K., Wise, M. (2002). Planning framework for the Public Health workforce: Discussion Paper. National Public Health Partnership, Melbourne.


Knight, A., Nestor, M. (2000). A glossary of Australian vocational education and training terms. National Centre for Vocational Education Research Ltd, Adelaide.


Durbridge, M. et al (2002) Peer Education Monograph, Draft version due for publication December 2002. Adelaide: National Centre for Education and Training on Addiction (NCETA).


Gowing, L. (2001). Evidence-Based Practice: From Concepts to Reality. In A.M. Roche, J. McDonald (Eds) Systems, Settings, People: Workforce Development Challenges in the Alcohol and Other Drugs Field, Adelaide: National Centre for Education and Training on Addiction (NCETA), p77-86. (231KB)