Glossary

Terms commonly used in the alcohol and other drug field are listed below.

All A B C D E F G H I K
L M O P Q R S T W Z

Education | Effectiveness | Efficacy | Efficiency | Equity and Access | Evaluation | Evidence-based Practice | Experiential Learning | External Studies

Education

The process of imparting knowledge or developing skills, understanding, attitudes, character or behaviours. The field of study concerned with teaching and learning (Knight and Nestor, 2000). [Knight and Nestor, 2000]

Effectiveness

The degree to which an intervention produces the desired outcomes under everyday conditions typical of those in which it will usually be applied.

Efficacy

The degree to which an intervention produces a desired outcome under relatively optimal or ideal conditions such as with expert, well trained staff, and selected subjects.

Efficiency

The degree to which an intervention produces an outcome effectively with a minimum of waste, expense, or unnecessary effort.

Equity and Access

see Access and Equity.

Evaluation

Gathering information to determine the effectiveness of an intervention. Information collected is analysed to determine causality.

Types of evaluation include:

  • process evaluation, aimed at assessing strategies and improving and refining the intervention
  • impact evaluation, aimed at assessing achievement of stated objectives
  • outcome evaluation, aimed at assessing achievement of the overall, longer term aim or goal of the intervention.

Evidence-based Practice

Evidence-based work practices consciously integrate the best available research evidence with both professional experience and consumer choice to apply it to decision making practices in the workplace. It promotes the explicit, conscientious and judicious use of the best, most up-to-date research evidence to guide health care decisions (Sackett et al, 1996 cited by Roche and Cormack, 2000).

Experiential Learning

Learning through experience, either in a real situation such as a workplace or in a role play (Knight and Nestor, 2000). [Knight and Nestor, 2000]

External Studies

See Distance Education.


References

Knight, A., Nestor, M. (2000). A glossary of Australian vocational education and training terms. National Centre for Vocational Education Research Ltd, Adelaide.