Workplace Culture and AOD Use

The overall culture of a workplace can play a crucial role in determining the alcohol and drug related behaviours and attitudes of individual workers.

A workplace culture approach to AOD issues recognises that:

  • workplace factors (e.g., working conditions, levels of supervision, availability of alcohol or drugs, workplace policies)
  • individual factors (eg., workers' attitudes, beliefs, and behaviours concerning alcohol or drug use)
  • organisational factors (e.g., procedures and practices, health and safety climate, industrial relations climate) can interact to determine the alcohol and drug culture of a workplace.

The alcohol and drug culture of a workplace may then influence employee alcohol and drug behaviours and attitudes. 

The cultural approach has implications for policy and practice. The same processes that lead to the development of alcohol- or drug-related norms can be used to develop ways to reduce or prevent alcohol-related risk. By creating workplace norms that promote low-risk drinking and non-drug use, the harms which impact the workplace and employees may be reduced. 


NCETA Publications

For further information on workplace culture and AOD use see:

Pidd, K., Roche, A.M., Fischer, J., & McCarthy, C. (2014). Risky behaviours, risky work settings: The alcohol and drug consumption patterns, health and wellbeing of commercial cookery trainees. Journal of Health, Safety and Environment, 30(2), 293-302.

Lee, N., Roche, A.M., Duraisingam, V., Fischer, J., Cameron, J., & Pidd, K. (2014). A systematic review of alcohol interventions among workers in male-dominated industriesJournal of Men's Health, 11(2), 1-11.

Roche, A., Pidd, K., & Kostadinov, V. (2014). Trainee chefs' experiences of stress, bullying and coping in commercial kitchens. Journal of Health, Safety and Environment, 30(2), 259-269.

Pidd, K & Roche, A. M. (2008). Changing workplace cultures: an integrated model for the prevention and treatment of alcohol-related problems. In D. Moore & P. Dietze (Eds.), Drugs and Public Health: Australian Perspectives on Policy and Practice, Melbourne, Australia: Oxford University Press.

Pidd, K., & Roche, A.M. (2013). Hospitality Training Is No Piece Of Cake! Hospitality Industry Trainees' Well-being And Alcohol And Drug Use: First Years’ Experiences And Responses. Adelaide, South Australia: National Centre for Education and Training on Addiction (NCETA), Flinders University (pdf 635 KB).

Roche, A.M., Fischer, J., Pidd, K., Lee, N., Battams, S., & Nicholas, R. (2012). Workplace mental illness and substance use disorders in male-dominated industries: A systematic literature review. Adelaide, South Australia: National Centre for Education and Training on Addiction (NCETA), Flinders University.

Alcohol and work report cover.jpg

Pidd, K., Berry, J. G., Harrison, J. E., Roche, A. M., Driscoll, T. R., & Newson, R. S. (2006). Alcohol and work: Patterns of use, workplace culture and workplace safety. Injury Research and Statistics Series Number 28 (AIHW cat. No. INJCAT 82) Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (pdf 1.4MB).

Pidd, K. (2005). Workplace culture and alcohol use. Of Substance, 3(1), 18-21 (pdf 665kB).

Allsop, S. & Pidd, K. (2001). The nature of drug related harm in the workplace. In S. Allsop, M. Phillips & C. Calogero, (Eds.), Drugs and Work: Responding to drug related harm in the workplace, IP Communications, Melbourne.