We are delighted to announce NCETA’s new Director, Professor Jacqueline Bowden. Jacquie has a background in both psychology (BA Arts, Hons and PhD) and public health (Master of Public Health). Jacquie has been Deputy Director of the Health Policy Centre at the South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute (SAHMRI). She has 20 years’ experience working in tobacco control, and she has managed South Australia’s Tobacco Control Research and Evaluation Program which informs all state policy, programs and interventions in tobacco control for the past 15 years. Over the past 10 years, Professor Bowden has broadened into the field of alcohol policy research where she now leads a program of research. She holds a National Health and Medical Research Council Fellowship to investigate messaging to reduce parental supply of alcohol to teenagers and is also leading an evaluation of a national campaign to raise awareness of the risks of drinking during pregnancy. We very much look forward to Jacquie joining us on 29 November 2021.
Alcohol and other drugs (AOD) work is rewarding and demanding, creating challenges for workforce sustainability. This study examined two key occupational groups within the AOD workforce: nurses and counsellors. Cross-sectional data from an Australian online survey of the AOD workforce was analysed to identify the socio-demographic and organisational factors that predicted job satisfaction and turnover intentions. Around half of nurses and counsellors were satisfied with their jobs, with the majority satisfied with the AOD sector. For both groups, job and sector satisfaction were positively associated with feeling respected and supported and working in an environment open to change. Satisfaction was the strongest predictor of job and sector turnover intentions for both groups. This study suggests that AOD nurses’ and counsellors’ job satisfaction and retention would be improved with more opportunities to explore innovation, and a great focus on workplace cultures of respect and support.
Australian workers’ daily tobacco smoking over time was examined by industry and occupation, to identify factors associated with high and/or low prevalence.Secondary analyses of 2007, 2010, 2013, and 2016 National Drug Strategy Household Surveys were undertaken (pooled n = 49 395). Frequency analyses informed subsequent modeling of select industries and occupations. Four logistic regression models estimated adjusted effects of demographics on daily smoking in industries with high (≥20%) and low (≤15%) daily smoking prevalence and occupations with high (≥20%) and low-moderate (<20%) daily smoking prevalence.The sample comprised 55.7% men, 34.1% 25–39-year-olds, 31.4% New South Wales residents, 70.1% metropolitan residents, 66.9% high socioeconomic status workers, and 70.6% with low psychological distress. Daily smoking prevalence differed by industry and occupation in 2007, generally decreasing between 2007 and 2016. In high prevalence industries, daily smoking was associated with male gender and age (25–39-year-olds) and in low prevalence industries with males and nonmetropolitan workers. In high prevalence occupations, daily smoking was associated with males, female nonmetropolitan workers, and age 25–39 years and in low-moderate prevalence occupations with nonmetropolitan workers and negatively associated with females aged 14–24 years. In all models, increased odds of daily smoking were associated with low socioeconomic status and very high psychological distress.Low socioeconomic status and very high psychological distress were risk factors for daily smoking regardless of industry, occupation, or high preexisting smoking prevalence. Targeted, as well as universal, interventions are required for workplaces and workers with greatest smoking vulnerability and least smoking cessation progress.Specific strategies are warranted for identified industries, occupations, and subgroups with increased odds of daily tobacco smoking. Industries and occupations with low-moderate smoking prevalence may confer workers some protection but are not without risk; some subgroups in these settings (eg, nonmetropolitan areas) had elevated daily smoking risk. Hence, the following are supported: (1) universal interventions directed at low socioeconomic workers and workers with very high psychological distress regardless of workplace; (2) interventions targeted at high prevalence industries; (3) cessation efforts targeted for young workers in high prevalence industries and occupations; and (4) focused interventions addressing specific needs of nonmetropolitan at-risk workers in low prevalence industries.smwork
Abstract Introduction The extant Alcohol's Harms to Others (AHTO) literature is largely comprised of reports from victims. We investigated AHTO from perpetrators' perspectives, including how harms were associated with individual characteristics, and alcohol quantities consumed during the perpetration incident. Methods Participants (N = 2932) were 14–19 years old, recruited primarily through social media and screened as risky drinkers. They completed face-to-face (n = 594) or self-administered (n = 2338) surveys. They self-reported whether during their last risky drinking session (LRDS) they had perpetrated any verbal abuse, physical abuse or property damage. A multinomial logistic regression examined whether nine factors were associated with perpetrating zero, one or 2+ categories of AHTO. Results Eleven percent (n = 323) reported perpetrating at least one form of AHTO (7.5% verbal, 1.9% physical and 4.6% property). Perpetration of AHTO at LRDS was uniquely associated with: younger age, male gender, experiences of childhood physical punishment, greater perpetration incident-specific drinking, concurrent illicit drug use, and less frequent use of safety strategies while drinking in the past 12 months. Controlling for the other variables, an increase of six Australian standard drinks (60 g of alcohol) increased the odds of perpetration by 15% [95% confidence interval (CI) adjusted odds ratio (AOR) 1.08, 1.23], and an increase of 15 Australian standard drinks increased the odds by 42% (95% CI AOR 1.20, 1.69). Discussion and Conclusions Individual characteristics, larger quantities of alcohol consumed, and a disinclination to practice harm reduction amplified risk of AHTO perpetration. This has implications for health promotion and risk prevention/reduction strategies.